2018 Spring: 二技資管一年甲班 Collocation 1
|What is Collocation?|
|A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound “right” to native English speakers, who use them all the time. On the other hand, other combinations may be unnatural and just sound “wrong”.|
|1. In English, certain words are often used together (co-occur).
2. Collocation refers to the restrictions on how words can be used together, for example which prepositions are used with particular verbs, or which verbs and nouns are used together.
3. Knowledge of collocations is vital for the competent use of a language. A grammatically correct sentence will stand out as ‘awkward’ if collocational preferences are violated. This makes collocation an interesting area for language teaching and learning.For example:
make an appointment
make a mistake
make a decision
do an exercise
do your homework
do the research
|Types of Collocation|
|1. Verb + Noun
V + the survey (做問卷調查)
V + a study
V + difficulties2. Adjective + Noun
Adj + probability (很高的可能性, 機會很大)
There is __________ probability that price growth will remain.
Tthere is a __________ chance that President Bush will take a new direction on Iraq.
3. Adverb + Verb
4. Adverb + Adjective
5. Adjective + Preposition
|Some words to try: